To satisfy his multiple curiosities de Hert teams up regularly with other authors. A human rights approach combined with a concern for theory is the common denominator of all his work.
The evolution of Information Technology IT gave birth to the cyber space wherein internet provides equal opportunities to all the people to access any information, data storage, analyse etc.
Due to increase in the number of netizens, misuse of technology in the cyberspace was clutching up which gave birth to cyber crimes at the domestic and international level as well. With the emergence of technology the misuse of technology has also expanded to its optimum level and then there arises a need of strict statutory laws to regulate the criminal activities in the cyber world and to protect technological advancement system.
Cyber Crimes Actually Means: It could be hackers vandalizing your site, viewing confidential information, stealing trade secrets or intellectual property with the use of internet. Cyber crimes are not limited to outsiders except in case of viruses and with respect to security related cyber crimes that usually done by the employees of particular company who can easily access the password and data storage of the company for their benefits.
Cyber crimes also includes criminal activities done with the use of computers which further perpetuates crimes i. Classifications Of Cyber Crimes: Cyber Crimes which are growing day by day, it is very difficult to find out what is actually a cyber crime and what is the conventional crime so to come out of this confusion, cyber crimes can be classified under different categories which are as follows: Cyber Crimes against Persons: There are certain offences which affects the personality of individuals can be defined as: At present harassment is common as usage of social sites i.
It means expressed or implied a physical threat that creates fear through the use to computer technology such as internet, e-mail, phones, text messages, webcam, websites or videos.
Dissemination of Obscene Material: These obscene matters may cause harm to the mind of the adolescent and tend to deprave or corrupt their mind. It is an act of imputing any person with intent to lower down the dignity of the person by hacking his mail account and sending some mails with using vulgar language to unknown persons mail account.
Hackers usually hacks telecommunication and mobile network. It is amongst the gravest cyber crimes known till date. It is a dreadful feeling to know that a stranger has broken into your computer systems without your knowledge and consent and has tampered with precious confidential data and information.
A spoofed e-mail may be said to be one, which misrepresents its origin.
Spoofing is a blocking through spam which means the unwanted uninvited messages. Here a offender steals identity of another in the form of mobile phone number and sending SMS via internet and receiver gets the SMS from the mobile phone number of the victim. It is very serious cyber crime against any individual.
It means false ATM cards i. There is always unauthorized use of ATM cards in this type of cyber crimes. It means the person who is doing the act of cyber crime i. It involves the use of computer networks to create, distribute, or access materials that sexually exploit underage children.
E-mail, videos or phones. Crimes Against Persons Property: As there is rapid growth in the international trade where businesses and consumers are increasingly using computers to create, transmit and to store information in the electronic form instead of traditional paper documents.
There are certain offences which affects persons property which are as follows: Intellectual property consists of a bundle of rights. Any unlawful act by which the owner is deprived completely or partially of his rights is an offence.
The common form of IPR violation may be said to be software piracy, infringement of copyright, trademark, patents, designs and service mark violation, theft of computer source code, etc. It means where two persons claim for the same Domain Name either by claiming that they had registered the name first on by right of using it before the other or using something similar to that previously.
For example two similar names i. Vandalism means deliberately destroying or damaging property of another.
Thus cyber vandalism means destroying or damaging the data when a network service is stopped or disrupted. It may include within its purview any kind of physical harm done to the computer of any person.
These acts may take the form of the theft of a computer, some part of a computer or a peripheral attached to the computer.This essay examines some ethical aspects of stalking incidents in cyberspace. Particular attention is focused on the Amy Boyer/Liam Youens case of cyberstalking, which has raised a number of.
According to Stanley (), cyber crimes are activities committed using the Internet or computer or other electronic devices as the medium, in violation of existing laws for which punishment is imposed upon successful conviction.
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Free freedom of speech papers, essays, and research papers. Digital Evidence and Crime Scene Investigation Essay Digital evidence is digital data that may be used as evidence within the criminal justice system. At a crime scene investigators should follow procedures and guidelines in the collection and analysis of digital information and evidence aimed at ensuring the integrity of the evidence.
Cyber Crime And Law - Indian Perspective: Information Technology solutions have paved a way to a new world of internet, business networking and e-banking, budding as a solution to reduce costs, change the sophisticated economic affairs to more easier, speedy, .