The History Learning Site, 19 May The landing at Guadalcanal was unopposed — but it took the Americans six months to defeat the Japanese in what was to turn into a classic battle of attrition. The Japanese defeat at the Battle of Midway had forced planners in the Imperial Army to reconsider their plans of expansion and to concentrate their forces on consolidating the territory that they had captured.
Battle of Tulagi and Gavutu—Tanambogo Routes of Allied amphibious forces for landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi, 7 August Bad weather allowed the Allied expeditionary force to arrive unseen Article guadalcanal the Japanese on the night of 6 August and the morning of 7 August, taking the defenders by surprise.
This is sometimes called the "Midnight Raid on Guadalcanal". Tulagi on 8 August, and Gavutu and Tanambogo by 9 August. In contrast to Tulagi, Gavutu, and Tanambogo, the landings on Guadalcanal encountered much less resistance.
Advancing towards Lunga Point, they encountered little resistance and secured the airfield by The Japanese naval construction units and combat troops, under the command of Captain Kanae Monzen, panicked by the warship bombardment and aerial bombing, had abandoned the airfield area and fled about 3 miles 4.
Fletcher withdrew from the Solomon Islands area with his carrier task forces the evening of 8 August. Battle of Savo Island As the transports unloaded on the night of 8—9 August, two groups of screening Allied cruisers and destroyersunder the command of British Rear Admiral Victor Crutchley VC, were surprised and defeated by a Japanese force of seven cruisers and one destroyer from the 8th Fleet based at Rabaul and Kavieng and commanded by Japanese Vice Admiral Gunichi Mikawa.
In the Battle of Savo Island one Australian and three American cruisers were Article guadalcanal and one American cruiser and two destroyers were damaged. The Japanese suffered moderate damage to one cruiser.
Mikawa was concerned about daylight U. Bereft of his carrier air cover, Turner decided to withdraw his remaining naval forces by the evening of 9 August and in so doing left the Marines ashore without much of the heavy equipment, provisions and troops still aboard the transports.
Mikawa's decision not to attempt to destroy the Allied transport ships when he had the opportunity proved to be a crucial strategic mistake. Marine attacks west of the Matanikau River on 19 August The 11, Marines on Guadalcanal initially concentrated on forming a loose defensive perimeter around Lunga Point and the airfield, moving the landed supplies within the perimeter and finishing the airfield.
In four days of intense effort, the supplies were moved from the landing beach into dispersed dumps within the perimeter.
Work began on the airfield immediately, mainly using captured Japanese equipment. Hendersona Marine aviator who was killed during the Battle of Midway. By 18 August the airfield was ready for operation. On 8 August, a Japanese destroyer from Rabaul delivered naval reinforcement troops to the Matanikau position.
Frank Goettge On the evening of 12 August, a man U. Marine patrol, led by Division D-2 Lieutenant Colonel Frank Goettge and primarily consisting of intelligence personnel, landed by boat west of the US Marine Lunga perimeter, east of Point Cruz and west of the Japanese perimeter at Matanikau River, on a reconnaissance mission with a secondary objective of contacting a group of Japanese troops that U.
Soon after the patrol landed, a nearby platoon of Japanese naval troops attacked and almost completely wiped out the Marine patrol. The third landed by boat further west and attacked Kokumbuna village.
After briefly occupying the two villages, the three Marine companies returned to the Lunga perimeter, having killed about 65 Japanese soldiers while losing four marines. This action, sometimes referred to as the "First Battle of the Matanikau", was the first of several major actions around the Matanikau River during the campaign.
The Marine fighters went into action the next day on the first of the almost-daily Japanese bomber air raids. On 22 August five U. The army was to be supported by Japanese naval units, including the Combined Fleet under the command of Isoroku Yamamotowhich was headquartered at Truk.
The 17th Army, at that time heavily involved in the Japanese campaign in New Guineahad only a few units available.
The different units began to move towards Guadalcanal via Truk and Rabaul immediately, but Ichiki's regiment, being the closest, arrived in the area first. Marine maps on the east side of the Lunga perimeter in the early morning hours of 21 August.Oct 29, · The World War II Battle of Guadalcanal was the first major offensive and a decisive victory for the Allies in the Pacific theater.
With Japanese troops stationed in this section of the Solomon. Aug 07, · I was a year-old Marine on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands in and part of This was really the first offensive action taken against the Japanese very early in World War II.
Burning ships and bodies littered the field of battle off the shores of Guadalcanal at dawn on November 13, The previous night, American and Japanese ships had clashed in arguably the most unorganized and chaotic naval battle of World War II.
Guadalcanal, Battle of (–43).The Guadalcanal campaign, unexcelled for sustained violence on land, sea, and in the air in World War II, lasted for six months: August to February Battle of Guadalcanal: Battle of Guadalcanal, (August –February ), series of World War II land and sea clashes between Allied and Japanese forces on and around Guadalcanal, one of the southern Solomon Islands, in the South Pacific.
Japanese troops landed on Guadalcanal on July 6, , and began constructing an. For the infantryman, the campaign on Guadalcanal was synonymous with misery. The Americans who had the misfortune to serve on the island, particularly from August through October , were denied the very basics of living as we know it.