In fact, he had been relentlessly exposing what he saw as the hidden strivings and conflicts beneath the mask of civilization. Even Freud, though, had not expected such a catastrophic violation of the values of civilization. Entering the sixth decade of his life, Freud had observed too much self-destructive behavior both from his psychoanalytic patients and society at large.
In the early Communist era these kind of rituals were discouraged but are now making a comeback.
In reference to death and funerals in Vietnam, it is important to remember that jokes about sickness and death are in very bad taste among Vietnamese. Dependent upon locality and ethnic group, as well as upon religious beliefs, funerals will vary in accordance with wealth and social position of the family.
The head of the home is normally given a more elaborate funeral than is a wife or children. This is equally true when cremation is the method for handling the corpse.
Burials may be in cemeteries or on family property, in simple round graves or in elaborately constructed and decorated graves.
Normally the cities have cemeteries and funerals are more elaborate than in villages. But even in the latter, it is necessary for descendents to conform to a pattern of "entertainment" often beyond their means.
The amount of food, drink, music, etc. There are exceptions, however; and on such occasions the body is placed in a casket with sand about it, and perfume is used to conceal odors of decay. Because of the heat and humidity, however, even this practice must be short-termed.
For many villagers, the funeral maybe quite simply the choosing of a burial spot, the digging of a shallow grave, the placing of the casket, and the closing of the grave.
In such cases the casket may be attached to a bamboo pole and carried to the gravesite on the shoulders of two men. In most cases the grave is tended from time to time; the dirt is repiled and shaped to mark it as a grave; and grass and weeds are removed.
That is because the condition of the grave is not as important as the location. A good location is one that is in harmony with its surrounding and the right spot for a person depend on what Chinese astrological sign they are born under.
A person who is born in the Year of the Buffalo, for example, is most in harmony with the monkey and the chicken.
A good burial site is one that has landmarks nearby that look like these animals. Graves are ideally build above the ground, often in accordance with feng shui, near a stream or water and in sight of a mountain. A variety of gravesites dot the countryside of Vietnam. Many graves are merely round piles of dirt in the form of a circle, and may be found in rice paddies, on hillsides, etc.
The Vietnamese believe that the individual must earn the right to be buried, and will therefore often bury the deceased at a prime location on his land.Death in the Modern Greek Culture Panagiotis Pentaris Abstract Each culture recognizes and identifies death, dying and bereavement in unique ways.
Commonly, a culture may be seen through the lens of death rituals; how those are shaped, interpreted and used by the society. The ancient Greek conception of the afterlife and the ceremonies associated with burial were already well established by the sixth century B.C.
In the Odyssey, Homer describes the Underworld, deep beneath the earth, where Hades, the brother of Zeus and Poseidon, and his wife, Persephone, reigned. for "love," and the death instinct Thanatos, the Greek word for "death." It was characteristic of Freud to invoke Greek literature and mythology, but it was also characteristic of him to ground his ideas in the biomedical and physical sciences.
Presented below is an unfortunate tabulation of deaths where alcohol use by college students was the cause or a contributing factor, all occurring since The factor of culture plays a critical role on how people perceive and deal with death, dying and bereavement.
Each culture is unique . Death has many meanings, and they change with culture and society. In the Greek mythology, the dead journeyed to the Afterlife, ruled by Hades.
Death was not perceived as an end in and by itself, but rather as another “world” to belong to.