Overview[ edit ] The first chapter is on the book's title theme of Lucifer and on the nature of moral transformation as an outcome of the interplay between individual dispositionsituationand systems of power. Chapter 10 presents the data gathered in the SPE, and Chapter 11 is an examination of the ethical questions raised about the experiment. The remainder of the book covers a number a topics within the field of social psychology, such as similar studies like the Asch conformity experimentsMilgram experimentAlbert Bandura 's research on moral disengagementresearch on the bystander effect by John M. The final chapter describes the concept of heroism, the key roles of Joe Darbythe whistleblower of the Abu Ghraib events, and Christina Maslachthe graduate student who convinced Zimbardo to end the Stanford experiment early, and advice on how to resist negative situations.
Bad people are more likely to opt into bad situations. When they band together, all too often, evil is the result. The prosecutor called him "a new kind of killer, the kind that exercises his bloody craft behind a desk. She argued that Eichmann was a plain bureaucrat, seeing himself as "a law-abiding citizen" who "did his duty" and "obeyed orders.
Soon, evidence emerged to support this chilling idea. At Yale, psychologist Stanley Milgram showed that ordinary men would inflict severe pain on others simply because they were asked to do so by an authority figure in an experiment.
When a man failed to learn a set of words, a scientist in a white coat told them to deliver increasingly harmful electric shocks.
Many went all the way to volts -- even after the "victim" an actor complained of heart trouble. At Stanford, psychologist Philip Zimbardo randomly assigned students to play the roles of prisoners or prison guards.
But what if we've drawn the wrong conclusions from them?
Although many people do underestimate the power of situations in driving behavior, more recent evidence shows that individual differences matter far more than we thought. In the prison demonstration, Zimbardo claimed that ordinary people underwent a transformation.
In his book, he calls it The Lucifer Effectproposing to explain "how good people turn evil. When psychologists Thomas Carnahan and Sam McFarland compared people who signed up for a psychological study of prison life versus a general psychological study, the differences were stark.
The people who volunteered for a prison study scored: The third is psychopathy antisocial behavior and a lack of empathy and remorseand now there's a fourth dark trait that parallels the behavior of the prison guards: When people with these types of dark traits signed up for a prison study and became prison guards, they were surrounded by others who shared their tendencies, and they expressed them.
People "do not automatically assume roles given to them," conclude the psychologists Alexander Haslam and Stephen Reicher, after running their own prison experiment with cooperation from the BBC.
Rather, "particular individuals with particular beliefs make tyranny possible. In Milgram's original research, only 65 percent of participants delivered the maximum voltage of electric shocks.
The psychologist Thomas Blass, author of The Man Who Shocked the Worldwas curious about the differences between people who obeyed and those who objected.
When Blass analyzed the 21 different variations of Milgram's experiment, he found that certain personality traits and beliefs predicted who continued delivering the shocks.
People were more likely to deliver painful shocks if they were authoritarian. The shockers were also significantly more trusting of others they assumed the scientist would do the right thing and used to following the lead of others they believed life events were driven by external forces like luck, chance, or fate, rather than internal forces like effort and willpower.In his book, he calls it The Lucifer Effect, proposing to explain "how good people turn evil." Yet the students who participated were recruited for "a psychological study of prison life.".
Jun 28, · Reasons for people to become evil minded and bad: Good ppl may turn evil because of circumstance.. And the same ppl may turn good again it all depends!! Why do people become evil minded and bad?-According to the philosophy of Theravada Buddhism,-A person may do bad thing due to.
How can good people turn evil? I attempt some answers. On Wednesday, Jan. 5, , multinational company MSD asked me to keynote their national conference – a .
the example you give for "good people not turning evil" is soldiers deliberately missing their targets. i wonder if this is a good example. in battle with thousands of soldiers you get lost in the. The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil [Philip Zimbardo] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The definitive firsthand account of the groundbreaking research of Philip Zimbardo—the basis for the award-winning film The Stanford Prison Experiment Renowned social psychologist and creator of the Stanford /5(). His book, The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil, explores how a "perfect storm" of conditions can make ordinary people commit horrendous acts.