In Januarythe PYD and allied parties established an interim administration in these areas. They have formed councils akin to ministries, courts and a police force, and introduced a new constitutional law. This report documents a range of human rights abuses in these PYD-controlled areas with emphasis on Jazira, which Human Rights Watch visited in February
Australia Australia was the first country to prohibit Salvia divinorum and salvinorin A. The committee responsible for the ban has admitted that there is "no evidence of a major public health hazard. Anyone living in Australia or its territories who is considering being involved with this plant is urged to first obtain professional legal advice.
Readers are urged not to ship Salvia divinorum, or products made from it, to Australia or its territories because the person who receives the shipment could face severe criminal penalties. Please go here for more details on this recent action by Australia's government and to learn what you can do to fight it.
Belgium On October 18, the Belgian government added salvinorin A to their list of controlled substances. The change in legal status took effect November 18, For information about this decision, in French, please go here. Brazil InBrazilian Customs began enforcing a regulation that prohibits importation of plant products without a permit.
Consequently, many people who have shipped Salvia divinorum to Brazil have had the packages returned to them.
This only applies to importation. To the best of my knowledge, Salvia divinorum is legal in Brazil. The matter was studied and deliberated for many years. These regulations go into effect days after the announcement, which was published in the Canada Gazette.
Therefore, the new law goes into effect February 8, Chile On August 8,the Chilean government issued a decree making the trafficking of Salvia divinorum and salvinorin A illegal.
Czech Republic Salvia divinorum was banned on April 22, It is illegal to posses or sell leaves, plants, or extracts containing salvinorin A. Denmark Salvia divinorum and salvinorin A have been placed in category B of the Danish list of controlled substances.
Category B includes psilocybin mushrooms, cocaine, amphetamine, and several others substances that are only legal for medicinal and scientific purposes. Possession of Salvia divinorum in Denmark now carries a penalty of up to 2 years in prison. The law went into effect on August 23, The text of the law can be found here.
Further details can be found here.
Some Salvia divinorum vendors have reported that packages sent to Estonia have been returned by customs because of this regulation. This regulation went into effect in April Finland In AugustFinland passed legislation making it illegal to import Salvia divinorum without a relevant prescription from a doctor.
For information about this decision, in Finnish, please go here. France Salvia divinorum and salvinorin A were listed as poisonous substances in August This makes it illegal to sell or use these substances for human consumption. This legislation was ratified reportedly on February 15, and the new law went into effect on March 1, According to a Government spokesperson, "The Amendment Order will subject these substances to the same strict control as other dangerous drugs on their trafficking, manufacture, possession, supply, import, and export.
The import and export of these substances, as dangerous drugs, will require a licence from the Director of Health.
InI received a report from an Icelandic person who said that he had filled out all the required paperwork, but that his request for permission to import Salvia divinorum leaves was declined on the basis of its legal status in Denmark.
Italy On June 25, the Italian Ministry of Health issued an ordinance prohibiting the sale of Salvia divinorum and its active constituent, salvinorin A, in Italy. For documentation see Gazzetta Ufficiale N. Japan On November 9,the Japanese government decided to add a group of thirty-three drugs to its list of controlled substances.
Salvinorin A is one of the newly listed substances. The drugs will be banned under a revised pharmaceutical law, which is expected to take effect in Apriland their import, production, and sale except for medical treatment or research purposes will be subject to imprisonment of up to 5 years or a fine of up to five million yen.UN News produces daily news content in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Kiswahili, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish, and weekly programmes in Hindi, Urdu and Bangla.
Our multimedia service, through this new integrated single platform, updates throughout the day, in text, audio and video – also making use of quality images and other media from across the UN system. GERMAN CRIMINAL CODE. Full citation: Criminal Code in the version promulgated on 13 November , Federal Law Gazette [Bundesgesetzblatt] I p.
, last amended by Article 1 of the Law of 24 September , Federal Law Gazette I p. and with the text of Article 6(18) of the Law of 10 October , Federal Law Gazette I p Appendix III Asayish Rules and Regulations (Human Rights Watch translation) Introduction.
Security, stability, and social and civil harmony have become the goals of all communities/societies. Our regressions are based on cross-section data, with reported inflows of human trafficking referring to the – period. We include as many countries as possible given the availability of data for the dependent and the Legalized Prostitution variables.
We therefore impute the . By passing "Pornography Control Act, " Bangladesh government has prohibited carrying, exchanging, using, selling, marketing, distributing, preserving, filming etc. of pornography (Sexually explicit materials, unless it has artistic and/or educational value). INCONVENIENT TRUTHS "You can either be informed and be your own rulers, or you can be ignorant and have someone else, who is not ignorant, rule over you.".