The determination of the effects of music on performance of a task

Effect of music tempo on task performance. Mayfield C, Moss S.

The determination of the effects of music on performance of a task

To view a copy of this license, visit http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate how background auditory processing can affect other perceptual and cognitive processes as a function of stimulus content, style and emotional nature.

Previous studies have offered contrasting evidence, and it has been recently shown that listening to music negatively affected concurrent mental processing in the elderly but not in young adults. To further investigate this matter, the effect of listening to music vs.

Heart rate and diastolic and systolic blood pressure were measured during an explicit face study session that was followed by a memory test. The results indicated that more efficient and faster recall of faces occurred under conditions of silence or when participants were listening to emotionally touching music.

Effect of music tempo on task performance.

Whereas auditory background e. It is hypothesized that touching music is able to modify the visual perception of faces by binding facial properties with auditory and emotionally charged information musicwhich may therefore result in deeper memory encoding.

The determination of the effects of music on performance of a task

A total of 54 non-musicians listened to joyful or emotionally touching music, rain sounds, or silence while studying hundreds of faces Heart rate and diastolic and systolic blood pressure were measured during face encoding Except for emotionally touching music, auditory background interfered with memory recall Touching music is able to bind visual properties with emotionally charged information musicwhich results in enhanced memory The effects of listening to background music on concurrent mental processing are controversial.

Overall, although listening to music appears to have positive effects on emotions and especially on motor behavior such as athletic performanceit appears to interfere with reading and memory tasks see ref. In automobile driving, listening to music appears to alleviate driver stress and reduce aggression; however, in conditions that require attention and mental concentration, driving performance is impaired 2.

Two perspectives have been proposed to account for the effects of background music on cognitive processes: When concurrent tasks compete for limited resources and their combined demands exceed the available capacity, capacity interference occurs.

Only a portion of the task information is processed and therefore performance deteriorates. The interference caused by task-irrelevant information for example, listening to music also depends on the complexity of the information that is being processed and on the workload that is required to process task-relevant information.

Indeed, increasingly complex musical distractions may result in decreased cognitive performance 4. In contrast, the Arousal-Mood hypothesis posits that listening to music affects task performance by positively influencing arousal and mood 5which is a phenomenon that is also known as the Mozart effect 6.

This hypothesis has been supported by several studies that have investigated the effect of listening to background music on the performance of cognitive tasks. For example, improvements in verbal memory encoding 7autobiographical memory in Alzheimer patients 8verbal and visual processing speed 9arithmetic skill 10reading 11and second language learning 12 have been documented.

Conversely, reduced performance in the presence of background music has also been demonstrated for example, see ref. Listening to background music vs.In studies conducted to learn about the effects of musical distraction on cognitive task performance, the findings have demonstrated the idea of music improving cognitive performance (Cockerton, Moore, & Norman, ), but there has also been research contradicting those results, where music was found distracting for participants .

McDonald 1 The Effect of Music Preference on Complex Task Performance Jordan McDonald Abstract This study examined the relationship between music . The Effect of Music on Performance of a Task Abstract In order to investigate whether music affected performance of a task, and experimental technique was used, .

and aggressive” music had a “negative effect on performance on a memory task” (Hallam, ).

Materials and Methods

Regardless of the conflicting findings on the effects of music on physiological and cognitive function, in this study we examine the effect of music tempo on the concentration and.

These results suggest that the efficacy of short-term memory in a verbal task is not affected by music or lyrics, and that the physiological arousal was caused by the memory task itself, not the nature of the auditory environment. and music on human performance. The second purpose was to study the effects of music on a commonly performed task that is frequently accompanied by background music: driving.

Background noise not only affects public health, but it also negatively affects human performance in such tasks as comprehension, attention, and vigilance.

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