Posted on November 12, by pat thomson Lots of doctoral researchers worry about the Th word, Theory. When said aloud, you can often hear the capital T. It must be important. Now, theory is a term which often gets mixed up with another scary word — concept.
In other words, they do not see that a thesis implies a counterthesis and that the presence of opposing voices implies a view of knowledge as dialogic, contingent, ambiguous, and tentative.
Common Traits of an Academic Writing Process as summarized in Bean Usually begins with the perception of a question, an uncertainty, or problem. Exploration begins through gathering data and informally writing out ideas. Preparing a first draft, perhaps beginning with an outline, but with low expectations for perfection in order to produce something.
Draft reformulated and revised, sometimes dismantling the entire first draft as ideas and structures become clearer. Creativity gives way to craft - editing begins.
Academic writers are, therefore, usually driven by an engagement with the topic and with a sense that they are contributing to an ongoing conversation.
Students who are new to this process are often afraid of it because their expectation is that in order to be good, their writing has to be good immediately. One of the things they need to learn is that writing as a process means work.
How Can We Help Students? Use more non-graded, exploratory writing. Build talk-time into the writing process. Provide several interventions into the process so you can respond to project proposals, thesis statements, or abstracts.
Try peer review of drafts. Hold writing conferences, perhaps in small groups or individually. Ask students to hand in drafts and notes. This also helps curb plagiarism. Hold to high standards for finished products. Common Traits of an Academic Reading Process again, Bean as a primary source Reading strategies are adjusted for different purposes.
Structures of arguments are noticed during reading. The unfamiliar is not unwelcomed. Rhetorical contexts are appreciated.
Readers see themselves in conversation with authors. Readers often have access to the text's cultural codes - jargon and background.
Complex syntax is accessible. Academic readers, therefore, understand that reading is a process often requiring rereading or slow reading and that a difficult passage may become clearer as they continue reading.
Good readers are not necessarily "speed" readers, though often students believe this is the case. Require note-taking as part of a reading assignment, and ask students to use their notes during class discussion.
Do a "what it says" and "what it does" exercise: Make students responsible for texts that will not be covered in class. For example, I have placed some texts on reserve in the library, required that they be read on students' own time, and then required that students use references to such texts as they deem appropriate in some of their writing for the semester.
Awaken interest in upcoming readings. For example, try an exploratory writing task during class that relates to some problem that students will encounter in the upcoming reading.
Sequence your readings so that students begin to see that all texts represent a certain frame of reference, that no text can provide the "whole truth. Play the "believing and doubting" game: Peter Elbowsuggests that we ask our students to be simultaneously open to and skeptical of texts as they read.
We can thus ask our students to read empathically and join the author's view and as devil's advocates in order to raise objections to the author's view. More on Note-taking While Reading Additionally, students can practice the following tips for note taking while reading as a way of integrating reading and writing activities: References Bean, John C.
Oxford University Press, Explorations in Learning and Teaching.Depending on your discipline, the number of chapters in a dissertation may vary. Let's examine the most common case and see how we can help you! The thesis statement model used in this example is a thesis with reasons.
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Getting Started When you are about to begin, writing a thesis seems a long, difficult task. That is because it is a long, difficult task.
Fortunately, it will seem less daunting once you have a . Downloadable Instructions and Form Files PHS Instructions - 1/ Revision PDF ( KB) PHS Fillable Forms - 1/ Revision. The links below allow for the downloading of individual and combined form files in MS Word and PDF formats.
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